European Work and Employment Research Centre

EGGSIE is the European Commission's Network of experts in the fields of employment, social inclusion and gender equality issues (tender VT/2003/154). The Network undertakes an annual programme of policy-oriented research and reports to the Equal Opportunities Unit of the Employment and Social Affairs directorate.

Here you will be able to find information about this network and its members as well as information on how to get access to EGGSIE publications. In case you have any specific query about the network please contact Mary O'Brien.

About the network

The Network comprises 30 national experts (25 member states plus Bulgaria, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway and Romania) plus a coordinating team. It is an expansion of a previous network which has been funded by the European Commission for 15 years, and most of the previous networks for the old member states from the last network ('EGGE') have continued in this network.

All of the experts are academics, drawn mainly from economics, sociology and management but also from other disciplines. All have research expertise in employment, and are committed to advancing equal opportunities for women and men through their research. The Network is coordinated through the European Work and Employment Research Centre at Manchester Business School by Professor Jill Rubery (Manchester, UK), Professor Colette Fagan (Manchester, UK) and Professor Janneke Plantenga (Utrecht, NL and Honorary Professor at Manchester). The other members of the coordinating team are Professor Damian Grimshaw, Dr Gail Hebson, Dr Mark Smith, Dr Rory Donnelly and Dr Peter Urwin.

The network's work programme

The work is to provide assessments of the extent to which the National Action Plans for employment and for social inclusion policies promote and mainstream gender equality. This involves, firstly, analysis of women and men's position in the labour market, assessments of trends and analysis of the causes for the existence of gender gaps in the labour market. Secondly, analysis of the factors that render women more vulnerable to the risk of social exclusion and poverty. This work will be used to advise the Commission in the analysis and monitoring of equality between women and men within the labour market and the field of social inclusion. It will assist in the development of methodologies concerning the evaluation of National Action Plans for employment and for social inclusion, including the development of suitable indicators.

Each year the Network undertakes to produce national and cross-national comparative 'synthesis' reports on the following:

  • Evaluation of the annual National Action Plans for Employment
  • Evaluation of the biennial National Action Plans for Social Inclusion or report on an aspect of social inclusion
  • An annual report on an employment-related theme

The European Commission's expert group on gender and employment was set up under the European Commission's fourth action programmes on equal opportunities for women and men in the European Union to provide expert advice, research and policy evaluation to assist the Commission's Equal Opportunities Unit located in DG Employment.

The group consists of independent academic experts with long standing experience of working in the field of equal opportunities and employment. There is one expert appointed per member state. The experts are appointed by the Commission, not by member state governments.

The coordination of the group is carried out at the European Work and Employment Research Centre at Manchester School of Management, UMIST, under the direction of the coordinator, Professor Jill Rubery.

The increasing importance of the European employment strategy to the work of the Commission has led to the work of the expert group becoming also increasingly focused on the policy developments related to the European employment strategy and the associated National Action Plans. There have been several factors which have led to this increased focus on employment policy:

  • Equal Opportunities was included as one of the four pillars of the employment guidelines to be followed in drawing up the National Action Plans at the Luxembourg summit in 1997.
  • The 1999 guidelines included a requirement for gender mainstreaming in all aspects of European employment policy.
  • At the Lisbon Summit in March 2000 a specific target for women's employment rate was adopted (60% by 2010).

These key development have increased awareness of the need to integrate equal opportunities into employment policy agendas although the extent to which this is happening is clearly uneven and variable. The expert group provides the Commission with assistance in evaluating these developments at both national and European level although the views expressed in the reports of the expert group do not necessarily reflect the views of the Commission.

The main annual tasks of the expert groups are

  • To provide an evaluation from a gender perspective of the National Action Plans on employment produced by each member state
  • To contribute to the production of a thematic report on some aspect of gender and employment
  • Assist the Commission with specific requests for information on aspects of equal opportunities and employment policy

The activities lead to the production of two national reports per year for each member state and two synthesis reports.

Reports prepared by the European Group of Experts on Gender and Employment (EGGE) (1998 - 2003)

2003

Towards an EU Gender Equality Index - Feasibility Study

Gender Mainstreaming and the European Employment Strategy and Social Inclusion Process

Assessment of the National Action Plans for Employment from a Gender Perspective 

Assessment of the National Action Plans on Social Inclusion 2003-2005 from a Gender Perspective

The Costs Of Non Gender Equality Legislation: National Reports

  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Portugal
  • Finland
  • Sweden

2002

The Gender Pay Gap and Gender Mainstreaming Pay Policy (final version)

The Adjusted Gender Pay Gap - a critical appraisal

The Unadjusted and the Adjusted Gender Pay Gap: National Reports

Assessment of the National Action Plans for Employment from a Gender Perspective

   

Supplementary information regarding policies to promote gender equality and employment

 

2001

Indicators on Gender Equality

Gender Equality and the European Employment Strategy

Evaluation of the National Action Plans for Employment 2001

1998-2000

Gender Equality and the European Employment Strategy

Evaluation of the National Action Plans for Employment 2000

Gender Impact Assessment and European Employment Policy

National Reports on Gender Impact Assessment

Benchmarking Equal Opportunities in the European Union

Gender Mainstreaming

Reports prepared by the EGGSIE network and published by the European Comission (2004 - 2007)

Fagan, C. and Hebson, G. (2005), 'Making work pay' debates from a gender perspective: a comparative review of some recent policy reforms in thirty European countries (The co-ordinators' synthesis report 2004), Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, Brussels: The European Commission.

Rubery, J., Grimshaw, D., Smith, M. and Figueireido, H. (2004), Gender Mainstreaming and the European Employment Strategy, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, Brussels: The European Commission.

Plantenga, J. and Remery, C. (2006), Reconciliation of work and private life: a comparative review of thirty European countries, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, Brussels: The European Commission.

Plantenga, J. and Remery, C. (2006), The Gender Pay Gap: Origins and Policy Responses. A comparative review of 30 European countries, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, Brussels: The European Commission.

You may also wish to visit the EGGSIE space on the European Commission's website for access to further publications.


Copyright Disclaimer: These reports were produced as part of the work of the European Commission's Expert Group on Gender, Social Inclusion and Employment (EGGSIE) and were funded by the European Commission. The European Commission has granted permission for these reports to be published in this website. The opinions and views expressed in this report remain the responsibility of the authors and authors alone, and should not be taken to be representative of the views of the European Commission.

About EWERC

The European Work and Employment Research Centre was established in 1994 to build upon and develop expertise in comparative and inter-disciplinary research in the area of work and employment.

Contact us

  • Address: 
    Alliance Manchester Business School
    Booth Street East
    Manchester
    M13 9SS, UK

  • Phone: +44 (0) 161 306 1320