European Work and Employment Research Centre

Public sector pay, procurement and inequalities

This comparative project is investigating the nature of public sector pay reforms during the current period of fiscal austerity and seeks to understand in particular the challenges facing social partners, the associated strategies of procurement and the combined effects on patterns of wage and employment inequalities. It hopes to extend current knowledge by focusing on the specific roles of social partners in a context of rapidly changing government policy.

Questions driving the project include:

  • what are the varied public sector pay reforms underway in different countries and how are these shaped by the particular national model of public sector pay?
  • what are the responses of social partners and have there been changes in social dialogue processes?
  • has government use of public sector procurement changed and with what effects on employment conditions?
  • what are the combined effects of pay reforms and procurement strategies on wage and employment inequalities?

During 2011 and 2012 the project is comparing the experiences of five European countries – France, Germany, Hungary, Sweden and the UK – and is putting together an original database of both quantitative and qualitative data. Fieldwork includes interviews with social partner representatives at the national and European levels, as well as a detailed case-study investigation of pay and procurement issues in local government. Secondary data illuminate the patterns of pay reforms, pay settlements and wage and employment inequalities for the period 2006-2011.

There is very strong policy interest at member state and EU levels regarding the character and effects of ongoing public sector pay reforms and procurement strategies. It is hoped this proposed project will disseminate new knowledge of how to improve the integral processes of social dialogue in the European region. A major conference in Brussels on 22-23 November 2012 will disseminate the main findings of the project and debate the implications for government policy social partners’ strategies.

Executive summaries - national and comparative reports

France-Executive Summary

Germany-Executive Summary

Hungary-Executive Summary

Sweden-Executive Summary

UK-Executive Summary

Comparative Report-Executive Summary

National and comparative reports

France-National report

Germany-National report

Hungary-National report

Sweden-National report

UK-National report

Comparative report

Executive Summaries-German language

Comparative- Executive Summary

France-Executive Summary

Germany-Executive Summary

Hungary-Executive Summary

Sweden-Executive Summary

UK-Executive Summary

Executive Summaries-French language

Comparative- Executive Summary

France-Executive Summary

Germany-Executive Summary

Hungary-Executive Summary

Sweden-Executive Summary

UK-Executive Summary

Power Point Presentations- FINAL CONFERENCE, Brussels, 22-23 November 2012

Pay reform in local government-Round table 1-Anxo

Public Sector Pay and Procurement Conference-Bach

Changing public service employment relations in the era of austerity- Bordogna

Consultative forums and wage negotiation in Hungary

Publicsector pay and procurement in Europe during the crisis: The challengesfacing local government and the prospects for segmentation, inequalitiesand social dialogue - Grimshaw

New pay principles in the public sector’: Why do we keep adopting pay-for-performance systems in the face of evidence that they fail to motivate - Marsden

Pay Reforms across the OECD-Meurs

What Role for social dialogue during austerity? Balancing National and local Representation-Neumann, Weinkopf

Can the state set decent standards for gender equality?-Rubery

Public sector pay and procurement strategies during austerity-Salson

Procurement and 'Internal Externalization' of Local Government Services - Schilling, Bachache

Pay Clauses in European Public Procurement - Schulten

Hungarian public sector salary situation from  Trade Union point of views - Szűcs

Few elements for Policy discussion - Vaughan-Whitehead

About EWERC

The European Work and Employment Research Centre was established in 1994 to build upon and develop expertise in comparative and inter-disciplinary research in the area of work and employment.

Contact us

  • Address: 
    Alliance Manchester Business School
    Booth Street East
    Manchester
    M13 9SS, UK

  • Phone: +44 (0) 161 306 1320

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